The Impact on children of teachers
Shown with small reductions
In I the classroom behavior of a student is fully regulated by the teacher, who usually uses in children unquestioned authority. “Said Maria Ivanovna,” says first-grader, explaining why he did exactly so and not otherwise. It happens that the student misunderstands the words of the teacher; parents are trying to correct the child, but he stubbornly stands his ground, referring to the teacher, not recognizing, in this case the authority of the parents. But in II, and especially in the third class, the student tries to understand the reasons why the teacher presents him with certain requirements. The child experiences an opinion that may disagree with the views of the teacher, then the teacher should explain to the student why you should do so. This desire to understand the motives of action indicates a growing child has a meaningful relationship to reality. But the authority of the teacher is not reduced. The kids ‘ respect for him is so great that many students of class III are sure that the teacher knows everything and can do everything.
Important role in the development of the younger school student plays children’s collective (collective class and oktyabryatskoy group). The child sees that his comrades are busy with things, trying to do everything better than other children, gets them approval or condemnation. At the beginning of the learning relationships of children with each other are manifested mainly in imitation. But gradually they have mutual aid and mutual demands. The importance of evaluating teachers is supplemented by the opinion of friends with whom the child begins to be more and more.
An important place in shaping the personality of the younger pupils is the pioneer organization, the members of which he enters. Participation in public work, mutual aid, fellowship, learning from books and stories teachers with the heroic actions of children and teenagers, developing the concept of honor — all these acts are bringing up on the younger school student, preparing him for his future life in the Communist society.
Mental quality of primary schoolchildren in largely formed under the influence of the family. In communicating with parents, brothers and sisters, the child spends most of his time. So the family has an enormous impact on the formation of his personality. Essential personal example around child people, and especially the authority of parents. In a friendly, tight knit family, all of whose members show love and care for each other, hard-working, well fulfill their social responsibilities, and children usually grow up honest, hardworking and disciplined.
A. S. Makarenko wrote, referring to his parents: “Actual authority is based on your civilian activities on your civic sense, your knowledge of the child’s life, for your help and your responsibility for his upbringing.”
The influence of school and family on the psychology of children is directly dependent on the extent to which the teacher is able to establish close contact with the parents to carry with them a single line education, to help them with advice and, in turn, using them to deepen their knowledge of the individual characteristics of each student.