A Child from birth to one month
We arrived from the hospital. The first month of a child’s life is the most important for its further development and at the same time the most difficult. Everyone knows how difficult and painful childbirth are, but nobody really knows and feels how this process takes the child. Here childbirth successfully ended, mom easier… And the baby? ALL around more… the First breath, first cry…
Begin to work your reflexes, hunger, colon cleansing, hot, cold and others. Terrible, a huge stress – no wonder weight loss of 10% in the first 3 to 4 days of baby’s life is considered normal. Usually the child immediately put to the mother’s breast, he learns the sounds of the heart, the voice of the mother, receives the first drops of colostrum.
But here was the first week, organs and systems of the child has adapted to a new environment, recovered and began to increase the weight. All the baby needs for normal growth and immunity to the environment is contained in breast milk that appears on 3 to 5 a day, up to this time the child is fed colostrum. Allocation of colostrum and milk is usually sufficient for the nutrition of the child is produced as much as needed when feeding the baby on demand, usually in the first month the child should ask breast 10 – 12 times a day.
The child needs to properly suck and nipple, and areola. In the early days it is important that the baby sucking at the breast, when zakarmlivanie bottle (if appropriate) the child can be lazy and require feeding only from a bottle. The supplemental foods so you need to produce from the spoon.
When feeding try not to give the baby to swallow air – this causes regurgitation. After feeding, hold the baby upright to exit zalachenko air, so he can sleep more restfully without colic and regurgitation. If the child overeat, then Kale is curdled clumps, and the feeding time should be reduced. Conversely, if insufficient milk to feed longer and more often by stimulating the production of milk.
In the first month are laid for the child’s health, and it is very important during this period, nutrition of the mother. By the end of the month the child may appear presicci, this is a normal phenomenon, is the removal of hormones mom and own elaboration. But pimples can wear and allergic nature – watch your diet.
Food, centimeters tall and pounds of weight is very important for the normal development of the child, but equally important is the development of the psyche – as a growing person, not a watermelon in the garden.
In the first weeks of the child’s behavior is just a reaction to the feeling of the environment caused by congenital reflexes and instincts, he doesn’t understand cause and effect. He cries, the mother took him in his arms, affectionately named by some words, put it to his chest, crying disappeared by the end of the month, the child should begin to understand the connection between events. Feeling the mom next door, there is an intuitive sense of security, and at some point, and mom begins to understand the child, to anticipate his reaction to an event – the child has adapted to the surrounding world.
Talk to the child during periods of wakefulness, show him the surroundings, bright colored toys that keep it upright, after the healing of the navel is placed on the tummy, bathe, wiggle it – give him your attention! Child reports about his health and weep, or smile, which first manifest themselves spontaneously, depending on the internal physiological state, but over time the child begins to react to external factors, reporting them cry or smile, and by the end of the month the child seeing or hearing the mother, smile consciously and will try to Galati – to speak their language. Repeat these sounds, communicate with your child!
Child month – end development.
Physical development . During the first month the child is, on average, grows to about 3cm and is gaining weight about 600g. It averaged values, and deviation from them should not cause concern within the wellbeing of the child. Motor activity of the child in a month varies quite – cool kids one, active – other. The nature of the movements largely uncoordinated, arms and legs bent, fists clenched.
To 3 to 4 month increased tone of the flexor muscles disappears. Follow the movements of the baby – enhanced physical activity he’s trying to say something. The increased movement of said legs about tummy problems, problems with ears child hard turns his head.
There is a coordinated movement – when you touch the cheek, the baby will stretch the mouth in the direction of the touch – looks for the mother’s breast, reacts to light and sound. Known Moro reflex – when frightened child throws up his arms and legs, then lifts them up and connects, he handles as if trying to grasp something, opens her palms and then compresses.
Known grasp reflex – put the finger on your hand or foot, and the child will squeeze the fingers very tightly.
The fontanel of the newborn child. Often moms share information, everyone is overgrown Fontanelle. Usually talking about large frontal fontanel, which is well detectable and has a size up to 3cm Fontanelle Closes in age from 4 to 24 months, a total of six fontanelles – they facilitate the process of passing through the birth canal during birth. The lateral fontanels close to the birth, rear – to two months.
Eyes of the newborn is fully formed and are blue in color. As you grow produces the pigment – melanin and by 6 months will set the color of the eyes. The child sees things, but not clearly, can’t concentrate your gaze. Tears when crying appear at the end of the first month of a child’s life.
The sounds of the newborn reacts by sinking, but cannot determine the direction where sound is coming from.
From birth, the child learns the mother by smell, and sometimes refusing to breastfeed another nursing mom. Therefore never use cosmetics that have strong odors – the child may not learn the mother not to breastfeed. In the feeding of mother’s milk stool mushy newborn, up to 7 times a day (at each feeding). When feeding baby chair blends viscous to three times a day. The first two days the child is only 2 to 4 of urination per day – is the adaptation to the new environment. By the end of the first week the child is writing 20 – 25 times, the urine becomes transparent. If less than 6 times – perhaps the child loses the mother’s milk.
Sleep in healthy term infants is good, about 10 days begins to alternate with annavirgin periods of wakefulness – try to catch them and at this time to feed, bathe, etc. is very important.
The bed should be comfortable, the room clean air. The child in this period weakened the regulation, and should be closely monitored to make sure it is not overheated and has not received a heat shock.
The skin of the baby dry, sensitive, urine or feces cause diaper rash, so the skin care of the child is important from birth. Diaper rash is washed with clean water and dry, then lubricate the funds from diaper rash. After emptying the bowel or bladder child tempted, the skin is dried. The baby’s navel should be treated with brilliant green within a week after discharge, the navel should be dry. If the navel becomes wet, you should always consult a doctor.
That first month birthday! We grow, develop…. Read more – 2nd month